Increase of the Efficiency of Heat Supply Units of the CHP Plants Due to the Choice of Rational Heat Release Modes

Journal Journal of Mechanical Engineering – Problemy Mashynobuduvannia
Publisher Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
of National Academy of Science of Ukraine
ISSN  2709-2984 (Print), 2709-2992 (Online)
Issue Vol. 27, no. 1, 2024 (March)
Pages 46-55
Cited by J. of Mech. Eng., 2024, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 46-55



Oleksandr L. Shubenko, Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NAS of Ukraine (2/10, Pozharskyi str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), e-mail:, ORCID: 0000-0001-9014-1357

Svitlana V. Alyokhina, University of Applied Sciences Technikum Wien (Höchstädtplatz 6, 1200 Wien, Austria), e-mail:, ORCID: 0000-0002-2967-0150

Volodymyr M. Holoshchapov, Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NAS of Ukraine (2/10, Pozharskyi str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), e-mail:, ORCID: 0000-0002-2075-5326

Olha A. Babenko, Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NAS of Ukraine (2/10, Pozharskyi str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), e-mail:, ORCID: 0000-0002-7587-8470

Olha V. Kotulska, Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NAS of Ukraine (2/10, Pozharskyi str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), e-mail:, ORCID: 0000-0002-5902-9313



The possibilities of increasing the efficiency of heat supply turbines of CHPPs due to the choice of rational modes of operation of network water heaters are analyzed. With the help of a software and computing complex developed at the Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and adapted by the authors to the operating conditions of CHPP generating equipment with one or two network heaters, a set of calculation studies of various ways of connecting them depending on the outdoor air temperature is conducted in the paper. Areas of positive effect associated with increase in the electric power of the power plant have been established. The calculation study was carried out at typical power plant water consumption from 1000 t/h to 4500 t/h, in the range of changes in the outdoor air temperature from -11 ºС to 10 ºС (heating season) and more than 10 ºС (hot water supply). The load change of the power unit was carried out due to the consumption of fresh steam at a constant pressure and temperature at the turbine inlet. As shown by the results of the operation of the T-100/120-130 heat supply turbine in operating conditions with one or two heat supply steam selections, in the area of positive outdoor air temperatures above 2 ºС, it is advisable to use one lower selection (with the upper one turned off) for all network water consumption. At the same time, additional electric power in the area of outdoor air temperatures above 6ºС can be from 0.25 MW to 2.15 MW. However, when the outdoor air temperature is less than 2 ºС, work with one lower heating selection becomes irrational. From the point of view of choosing rational modes of operation of turbine plants, the most important are the results of determining the optimal distribution of heat load between network heaters. The gain in electrical power of the turbine can be up to 2.46 MW in the nominal mode of operation with two heaters, and up to 7.84 MW in comparison with the use of single-stage heating. The nature of the influence of the distribution of the heat load indicates that during deprivation from the instructional uniform distribution of the heat load between network heaters, it is possible to obtain additional electricity.


Keywords: mathematical modeling, network water heater, modes of operation, combined heat and power plant, heat supply power plant.


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Received 30 November 2023

Published 30 March 2024