|Journal||Journal of Mechanical Engineering – Problemy Mashynobuduvannia|
|Publisher||A. Podgorny Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
|ISSN||0131-2928 (Print), 2411-0779 (Online)|
|Issue||Vol. 21, no. 3, 2018 (September)|
|Cited by||J. of Mech. Eng., 2018, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 13-19|
Based on a comprehensive approach that uses the computer simulation of the process of destroying structural materials and technology of self-learning neural networks, a methodology has been developed for predicting the rate of flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) of pipeline elements with a single-phase medium of the second circuit of nuclear power plants (NPPs). The neural network model has been implemented in the Delphi Integrated Development Environment. The neural network consists of an input layer containing seven elements and an output layer with two elements. As the input variables of the neural network, the parameters that have the greatest influence on FAC process are chosen. These are the medium temperature, the pipeline internal diameter, the oxygen content in the medium, the coolant flow velocity, the hydrogen index, the time of monitoring (or the start of operation), and the time for which the prediction is performed. For each of the network input parameters, intervals of possible values were chosen. At that, the factors that affect FAC rate, but not included in the feasible model (chromium, copper and molybdenum content in the pipeline material, amine type) are assumed to be permanent. As the output parameters of the neural network, FAC rate and the variation of the pipeline element wall thickness within the predicted time interval have been selected. As the activation function of the neural network the sigmoid function is used. As a method of training the neural network, the error back propagation method has been chosen, which assumes both a forward and reverse passage through the network layers. As the learning algorithm of the neural network, the one with a teacher has been chosen. As a test sample for the neural network, it is proposed, along with operational control data, to use the results of calculations based on a statistical model created in the framework of a special calculation-experimental method. The application of the developed methodology makes it possible to improve the prediction accuracy of FAC rate without determining all the dependencies between the many factors that influence FAC process. The low errors of the constructed models make it possible to use the results of calculations both to determine the resource characteristics of NPP pipelines and optimize operational control.
Keywords: neural networks, computer simulation, flow accelerated corrosion
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Received 07 June 2018
Published 30 September 2018