|Journal||Journal of Mechanical Engineering – Problemy Mashynobuduvannia|
|Publisher||A. Podgorny Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
|ISSN||0131-2928 (Print), 2411-0779 (Online)|
|Issue||Vol. 22, no. 3, 2019 (September)|
|Cited by||J. of Mech. Eng., 2019, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 21-25|
The role of hydraulic energy as a reliable source of renewable energy to meet the ever-growing needs of society is highlighted. The uneven nature of the energy supply during the day is analyzed. The role of hydroelectric power plants (HPP) and pumped storage power plants (PSPP) in regulating the above unevenness during the operation of the integrated power system is emphasized. It is shown that the startup, operation, power control, and shutdown of PSPP units are characterized by the occurrence of unsteady hydraulic modes of flow in the forebay, upper reservoir, and corresponding canal. These modes are accompanied by the formation of translational waves, whose characteristics must be taken into account when designing and operating plant facilities. The operation of the Dniester PSPP confirmed that translational waves are generated in the upper reservoir of this plant during the operation of its units in pumping and turbine modes. The presence of such waves significantly affects the position of the marking of the crest of protective dykes and the stability of the back slope protection of these dykes under the conditions of alternating wave loads. Results of field (experimental) and theoretical studies of the parameters of the translational waves in the upper reservoir of the specified plant are given. These results were obtained for the first stage of the Dniester PSPP construction, providing the upper reservoir had a temporary separating dyke located at Pkt 7+00. The field measurements were performed with a VEGAWELL 72 diaphragm pressure sensor located in the left riser of the forebay. It is shown that the highest wave heights can be observed in pumping mode during unit shutdown. Theoretical calculations of the parameters of translational waves were performed on the basis of the Saint-Venan differential equation, using the two-dimensional method. Wave height was determined using the harmonic seichi equation for the progressive wave. It is shown that for the design case of the unit shutdown it is necessary to take into account the presence of lateral water inflow to the main flow supplied by the unit. Comparison of theoretical and experimental results showed their satisfactory convergence.
Keywords: translational waves, pressure sensor, upper reservoir, slope, PSPP.
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Received 06 June 2019
Published 30 September 2019