Elastic Stress-Strain State of Elements of the Internal High-Pressure Casing for Steam Turbines

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DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/pmach2019.04.032
Journal Journal of Mechanical Engineering
Publisher A. Podgorny Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
ISSN 0131-2928 (Print), 2411-0779 (Online)
Issue Vol. 22, no. 4, 2019 (December)
Pages 32-40
Cited by J. of Mech. Eng., 2019, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 32-40

 

Authors

Serhii A. Palkov, Joint-Stock Company “Turboatom” (199, Moskovskyi Ave., Kharkiv, 61037, Ukraine), e-mail: sergpalkov@gmail.com, ORCID: 0000-0002-2215-0689

Mykola H. Shulzhenko, A. Podgorny Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NASU (2/10, Pozharskyi St., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), e-mail: mklshulzhenko@gmail.com, ORCID: 0000-0002-1386-0988

 

Abstract

The elastic-stress state of internal high pressure (HP) casings of 300 and 500 MW steam turbines is estimated using a three-dimensional computational structural model. The internal molded HP casings, which have a complex spatial form and work under conditions of complex power and thermal loading, are some of the most responsible and expensive steam turbine elements, limiting turbine resources. The simplified computational models used in engineering practice did not allow us to evaluate a number of factors determining stress-strain state (SSS) peculiarities. To clarify the distribution of stresses across the structure of internal HP casings, the SSS problem is solved in a three-dimensional setting with taking into account both the operating conditions and contact interaction of flanges. To determine the degree of influence of individual factors on the SSS, the factors are taken into account sequentially. At this stage, the SSS problem of the internal HP casing is solved in an elastic setting, without taking into account the influence of temperature stresses and deformations. The solution to the contact problem in the flange connections of internal HP casings is based on the application of the contact layer model. Probable contact zones are represented by contact elements, the mechanical interaction of contact surfaces being determined by their mutual penetration. The problem of determining the SSS of the internal HP casings of the K-325-23.5 and K-540-23.5 turbines in a three-dimensional setting is solved with using the finite element method (FEM), the total number of elements being 19,553 and 1,780,141, respectively. The created finite element (FE) models take into account the contact interaction of the flanges of the two casing halves in the horizontal connector zone. In the contact zones, the mesh thickens. Results of the calculated estimation of the SSS of the internal HP casings  of 300 and 500 MW steam turbines are given for the elastic deformation, taking into account the influence loads arising during the installation and operation of the turbines.

 

Keywords: turbine, flange connection, horizontal connector, internal casing, high pressure cylinder, stress-strain state, differential pressure, boundary conditions, calculated estimation, joint face.

 

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Received 18 November 2019