Stress-Strain State of Steam Turbine Lock Joint Under Plastic Deformation

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DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/pmach2020.04.028
Journal Journal of Mechanical Engineering
Publisher A. Pidhornyi Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
ISSN  2709-2984 (Print), 2709-2992 (Online)
Issue Vol. 23, no. 4, 2020 (December)
Pages 28-37
Cited by J. of Mech. Eng., 2020, vol. 23, no. 4, pp. 28-37

 

Authors

Ihor A. Palkov, Joint-Stock Company Turboatom (199, Moskovskyi Ave., Kharkiv, 61037, Ukraine), e-mail: igorpalkov1987@gmail.com, ORCID: 0000-0002-4639-6595

Mykola H. Shulzhenko, A. Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NASU (2/10, Pozharskyi St., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), e-mail: mklshulzhenko@gmail.com, ORCID: 0000-0002-1386-0988

 

Abstract

The stress-strain state problem for the lock joint of the rotor blades of the first stage of the medium-pressure cylinder under plastic deformation is solved. When solving the problem, the theory of elastic-plastic deformations is used. The problem is solved using two different approaches to specifying plastic deformation curves. The applicability of using a simpler bilinear approximation instead of the classical multilinear one is estimated. Based on the example of solving this problem, the time required to perform the calculation with the use of the bilinear and multilinear approximations is shown. Comparison of the results obtained in the form of the distribution of plastic deformations, equivalent stresses, and contact stresses over support pads made it possible to assess the difference when the two types of approximation are used. The obtained result error value when using the bilinear approximation made it possible to draw conclusions about the applicability of this approach to the processing of plastic deformation curves for solving problems of this kind. The problem is solved using the finite element method. To objectively assess the effect of plastic deformation on the redistribution of loads in the lock joint, a finite element model is used, obtained when solving the problem of the thermally stressed state of the rotor blade lock joint. The distribution of contact stresses in the lock joint is shown. The results are compared with those obtained earlier when solving the problem of thermoelasticity. Significant differences in the level of contact stresses are noted. Results of the computational assessment of the stress-strain state of the lock joint of the rotor blades of the first stage of the medium-pressure cylinder of a steam turbine are presented, which allow characterizing the degree of relaxation and redistribution of stresses in the structure in comparison with the results obtained earlier when solving the problem of thermoelasticity. Conclusions are made about the economic viability of using the calculation methods presented.

 

Keywords: turbine, lock joint, rotor blade, stress state, deformation curve, yield point

 

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References

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Received 28 August 2020

Published 30 December 2020