|Journal||Journal of Mechanical Engineering – Problemy Mashynobuduvannia|
|Publisher||A. Pidhornyi Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
|ISSN||2709-2984 (Print), 2709-2992 (Online)|
|Issue||Vol. 25, no. 2, 2022 (June)|
|Cited by||J. of Mech. Eng., 2022, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 14-21|
Ensuring the efficient and reliable safe operation of ground special equipment of various types, aircrafts is an important and urgent problem. Preservation of the strength, protective properties and transparency of the glazing of machinery cabins in a wide range of temperatures under various strength influences is one of the key components of this problem. Multilayer packages made of different types of glass are used for special equipment glazing. These packages are connected to each other with adhesive polymer materials. Electrically heated glazing, which allows to avoid the special equipment icing, as well as to protect the viewing area from fogging, is used for reliable and failure-free operation of special equipment at low temperatures. Based on this, an important problem that affects the efficiency of the use of special equipment is to ensure the reliable operation of electric glass heating. With the help of a software package developed on the basis of the finite element method for the analysis of the structures thermal stress in 3D formulation, which allows to consider a wide class of practical problems of varying complexity, the problems of non-stationary and stationary thermal conductivity and thermal elasticity for a trapezoidal frontal electrically heated multilayer glazing are solved. A study of the thermal stress state of glazing with an electric heating system, which allows to avoid freezing of glass operating at low temperatures, was carried out. The reasons for which the delamination of the multi-layer glazing may occur (impermissible temperature modes, mechanical strength effects, violation of operating conditions) are determined. Multilayer glazing with an electric heating system is used for aircrafts, military equipment, land transport, which can be operated at different temperatures. In view of this, the study of their thermal stress state and determination of possible causes of delamination allows to ensure the operation reliability and increase the efficiency of the use of special equipment in different climatic conditions. It is planned to carry out further studies of the glass block thermal stress state taking into ac-count the thermostat operation and determining the temperature sensors location points, as well as changes in the physical properties of materials and the power of the heating element with temperature changes.
Keywords: multilayer glass, electric heating, icing, temperature fields, thermal stress state.
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Received 10 May 2022
Published 30 June 2022