Effect of Magnetic Field on Optical Density of Distilled Water

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/pmach2023.02.033
Journal Journal of Mechanical Engineering – Problemy Mashynobuduvannia
Publisher Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
ISSN  2709-2984 (Print), 2709-2992 (Online)
Issue Vol. 26, no. 2, 2023 (June)
Pages 33-39
Cited by J. of Mech. Eng., 2023, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 33-39



Volodymyr H. Mykhailenko, Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NAS of Ukraine (2/10, Pozharskyi str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), port342017@gmail.com, ORCID: 0000-0003-3082-6148

Yevhen F. Lukianov, Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NAS of Ukraine (2/10, Pozharskyi str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), ORCID: 0000-0001-8839-091X

Olha I. Lukianova, Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NAS of Ukraine (2/10, Pozharskyi str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), ORCID: 0000-0001-7235-7293

Tamara S. Vitkovska, Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NAS of Ukraine (2/10, Pozharskyi str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), ORCID: 0000-0001-6890-0441

Oleksandr Ye. Khinievich, Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NAS of Ukraine (2/10, Pozharskyi str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), ORCID: 0000-0003-1902-534X



Water is considered as the working fluid of wet steam turbine units. The importance of a purposeful change in the thermophysical properties of water used for energy needs is indicated. A reagent-free method (transverse magnetic field of permanent magnets) of influence on water is proposed. Literature data on currently available papers dedicated to the study of water properties is presented. It is shown that the mechanisms of influence of external physical fields on the physicochemical and thermophysical properties of water have not been elucidated as of now. It is emphasized that the properties of distilled water during exposure and after exposure to physical fields are even less studied. The currently existing contradictions between theoretical ideas about the properties of water and experimental results are considered. It was found that currently there are no correct methods and equipment capable of indicating changes in water properties in real time. As a solution, the equipment and method of analyzing the optical density of distilled water is proposed. The shortcomings of most existing experimental works on the study of the influence of physical fields on the optical density of water are analyzed. The requirements for devices intended for measuring the optical density of distilled water are formulated. A stand was made and experimental work on the study of the dependence of the optical density of distilled water on the induction of a magnetic field that affects it was carried out. It is proved that the magnetic field affects the optical density of distilled water in the infrared range of wavelengths both in the direction of increase (4.1%) and in the direction of decrease (1.7 %) depending on the induction of the magnetic field and the speed of water flow through the working section of magnetization device. A hypothesis explaining the obtained result is proposed.


Keywords: magnetic field, optical density, magnetic field induction, distilled water.


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Received 20 March 2023

Published 30 June 2023