|Journal||Journal of Mechanical Engineering – Problemy Mashynobuduvannia|
|Publisher||Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
|ISSN||2709-2984 (Print), 2709-2992 (Online)|
|Issue||Vol. 26, no. 3, 2023 (September)|
|Cited by||J. of Mech. Eng., 2023, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 33-41|
Anatolii O. Tarelin, Anatolii Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NAS of Ukraine (2/10, Pozharskyi str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), e-mail: email@example.com, ORCID: 0000-0001-7160-5726
Oleh Weres, Geobrinelab (4840, Unit 2, Mill str., Reno, Nevada, 89502, USA)
The paper deals with comprehensive research in the field of electrization of wet steam flow in a turbine. The experience of the conducted studies on laboratory stands and full-scale objects (CHP and TPP) in Ukraine and the USA is introduced and generalized. It was shown that in the process of steam electrization, the charge density in the flow can reach very high values (an order of magnitude appears to be higher than in a thundercloud), and this phenomenon mainly has a negative effect on the turbine operation. Statistical data on the charge formation of the steam flow in the low-pressure cylinder of the turbine are presented. Results of the research to establish the main electrophysical factors of influence on the surface strength of the blade, such as electric fields, charge density and their polarity, are presented. The research results showed that such factors as the presence of a positively charged steam flow, constant and variable electric fields, which were most often recorded at operating turbines of CHPs and TPPs, significantly (by two or more times) intensify erosion-corrosion processes on the metal surfaces of the blades, thus reducing their working resource. Thermodynamic processes are studied both under conditions of natural electrification of a high-speed flow, which reduce the efficiency by about 0.3–0.35%, and under the influence of artificially created electric charges, which make it possible to increase the efficiency of the steam expansion process in the turbine by 2 or more percent. Various options of local input of electrical energy for steam ionization in the turbine are considered. At the same time, it is noted that for the practical implementation of these approaches, further careful design improvements and tests on model and full-scale installations are required. Water chemistry regimes are also considered in the context of their influence on the flow charge formation process, as well as on reliability and efficiency indicators of the turbine. Experimentally at an 800 MW turbine plant in the USA, it was shown that a change in the pH of the medium affects the intensity and polarity of the charge formation of the steam flow. The paper introduces the physical features of this phenomenon and notes the importance of these processes influence on the strength characteristics of the blades. Information on new methods and technologies that could lead to an increase in the operational efficiency and reliability of wet steam turbines, such as methods for input and removal of electrical energy into the flow; rational choice of water chemistry regimes; space charge neutralization, etc., is provided. These comprehensive electrophysical studies, considered in conjunction with thermal processes, can be characterized as a new scientific direction in the theory of steam turbines – thermal electrophysics.
Keywords: steam turbine, electrization, statistics, efficiency, strength.
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- Tarelin, A. A., Annopolskaya, I. Ye., Surdu, N. V., Sklyarov, V. P., Mikhaylenko, V. G., Parshina, T. N., Khinevich, A. Ye. (2016). Energo- i resursosberegayushchiye tekhnologii v energetike i energomashinostroyenii [Energy and resource saving technologies in energy and power engineering]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 272 p. (in Russian).
- Shubenko, O. L. & Tarelin, A. O. (2023). Simulation of the erosion-corrosion destruction process of steam turbine low-pressure cylinder blades. Journal of Mechanical Engineering – Problemy Mashynobuduvannia, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 29–38. https://doi.org/10.15407/pmach2023.01.029.
- Tarelin, A. A., Surdu, N. V., & Nechaev, A. V. (2020). The influence of wet-steam flow electrization on the surface strength of turbine blade materials. Thermal Engineering, vol. 67, iss. 1, pp. 60–67. https://doi.org/10.1134/S0040601520010073.
- Tarelin, A. O., Skliarov, V. P., & Weres, O. (2007). Electrostatic method and device to increase power output and decrease erosion in steam turbines: United States Patent. Patent no. US007252475B2. Date of patent 07 August 2007. 10 p.
- Tarelin, A. A. & Sklyarov, V. P. (2012). Parovyye turbiny: elektrofizicheskiye yavleniya i neravnovesnyye protsessy [Steam turbines: electrophysical phenomena and non-equilibrium processes]. St. Petersburg: Energotekh, 292 p. (in Russian).
- Tarelin, A. O., Skliarov, V. P., & Weres, O. (2004). Device to increase turbine efficiency by removing electric charge from steam. United States Patent. Patent no. US 006698205B2. Date of patent: 02 March 2004. 14 p.
- Tarelin, A. O. & Skliarov, V. P. (2004). Method and apparatus for increasing power generated by a steam turbine by controlling the electric charge in steam exiting the steam turbine. United States Patent. Patent no. US6672825B1. Date of patent 06 January 2004. 24 р.
- Tarelin, A. O., Orlovskyi, V. P., & Nechaiev, A. V. (2015). Sposib zapobihannia utvorenniu velykodyspersnoi volohy u volohoparovomu turbinnomu stupeniu [A method of preventing the formation of highly dispersed moisture in a steam turbine stage]: Ukraine Patent 113131, МПК8F01 D5/18, F01 D25/32; no. а201512161. Published 12 December 2015, Bulletin no. 23, 5 p. (in Ukrainian).
Received 19 June 2023
Published 30 September 2023