Use of computer technology in modernization of head covers for hydraulic turbines of PL20-V-500 type

Journal Journal of Mechanical Engineering – Problemy Mashynobuduvannia
Publisher A. Podgorny Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
ISSN 0131-2928 (Print), 2411-0779 (Online)
Issue Vol. 21, no. 1, 2018 (March)
Pages 35-44
Cited by J. of Mech. Eng., 2018, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 35-44



E. A. Strelnikova, A. Podgorny Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NASU (2/10, Pozharsky str., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), ORCID: 0000-0003-0707-7214
T. F. Medvedovskaya, LLC “Kharkivturboengineering” (1, Academic Proskury str., Kharkiv, 61070, Ukraine)
E. L. Medvedeva, LLC “Kharkivturboengineering” (1, Academic Proskury str., Kharkiv, 61070, Ukraine), e-mail:
A. V. Linnik, Joint-Stock Company Turboatom (199, Moskovsky ave., Kharkiv, 61037, Ukraine), e-mail:
O. N. Zelenskaya, Joint-Stock Company Turboatom (199, Moskovsky ave., Kharkiv, 61037, Ukraine)



One of the problems faced by a designer in the modernization of operating generating units is the analysis of the feasibility of ensuring the strength and reliability of turbine parts and components in their further continuous operation under dynamic load or replacement of the turbine parts and components which would by optimal in terms of weight and dynamic behavior. It is possible to solve the above problem using computer technologies for dynamic study of load bearing structures of hydraulic turbines in various operating modes. This paper describes techniques developed to study the dynamic mode of deformation of hydraulic turbine head cover taking up the hydrodynamic pressure acting on its surface in contact with water and the weights of parts and components located on its surface. For the first time, the influence of added water masses of the structure is three-dimensionally considered using mathematical models based on hypersingular equations and combination of the finite element method and boundary element method. Application program packages are developed which are a powerful tool of automation in the determination of dynamic mode of deformation of the hydraulic turbine head cover. Numerical results are obtained allowing the evaluation of the dynamic mode of deformation taking into consideration the effect of water on the cast iron head cover of hydraulic turbine ПЛ 20-В-500 in operation and subject to replacement as well as that on the welded steel head cover developed to replace the cast iron one. The numerical study is analyzed and recommendations are given for designing of the welded head cover which dynamical behavior allows preventing resonance phenomena and ensuring the operating reliability. The techniques used are validated by the regulatory document ‘Residual life prediction for water passage components of hydraulic turbines of HPPs and PSPs – Methodical Guidelines’ SOU-N MEV 40.1–21677681–51: 2011.


Keywords: cover; hydraulic turbine; modernization; finite element method; boundary element method; dynamic mode of deformation


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Received 20 November 2017

Published 30 March 2018