To the Solution of Geometric Inverse Heat Conduction Problems

Journal Journal of Mechanical Engineering
Publisher A. Pidhornyi Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
ISSN  2709-2984 (Print), 2709-2992 (Online)
Issue Vol. 24, no. 1, 2021 (March)
Pages 6-12
Cited by J. of Mech. Eng., 2021, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 6-12



Yurii M. Matsevytyi, A. Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NASU (2/10, Pozharskyi St., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), e-mail:, ORCID: 0000-0002-6127-0341

Valerii V. Hanchyn, A. Pidhornyi Institute of Mechanical Engineering Problems of NASU (2/10, Pozharskyi St., Kharkiv, 61046, Ukraine), e-mail:, ORCID: 0000-0001-9242-6460



On the basis of A. N. Tikhonov’s regularization theory, a method is developed for solving inverse heat conduction problems of identifying a smooth outer boundary of a two-dimensional region with a known boundary condition. For this, the smooth boundary to be identified is approximated by Schoenberg’s cubic splines, as a result of which its identification is reduced to determining the unknown approximation coefficients. With known boundary and initial conditions, the body temperature will depend only on these coefficients. With the temperature expressed using the Taylor formula for two series terms and substituted into the Tikhonov functional, the problem of determining the increments of the coefficients can be reduced to solving a system of linear equations with respect to these increments. Having chosen a certain regularization parameter and a certain function describing the shape of the outer boundary as an initial approximation, one can implement an iterative process. In this process, the vector of unknown coefficients for the current iteration will be equal to the sum of the vector of coefficients in the previous iteration and the vector of the increments of these coefficients, obtained as a result of solving a system of linear equations. Having obtained a vector of coefficients as a result of a converging iterative process, it is possible to determine the root-mean-square discrepancy between the temperature obtained and the temperature measured as a result of the experiment. It remains to select the regularization parameter in such a way that this discrepancy is within the measurement error. The method itself and the ways of its implementation are the novelty of the material presented in this paper in comparison with other authors’ approaches to the solution of geometric inverse heat conduction problems. When checking the effectiveness of using the method proposed, a number of two-dimensional test problems for bodies with a known location of the outer boundary were solved. An analysis of the influence of random measurement errors on the error in identifying the outer boundary shape is carried out.

Keywords: geometric inverse heat conduction problem, A. N. Tikhonov’s regularization method, stabilizing functional, regularization parameter, identification, approximation, Schoenberg’s cubic splines.


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Received 09 December 2020

Published 30 March 2021