|Journal||Journal of Mechanical Engineering – Problemy Mashynobuduvannia|
|Publisher||A. Pidhornyi Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
|ISSN||2709-2984 (Print), 2709-2992 (Online)|
|Issue||Vol. 24, no. 1, 2021 (March)|
|Cited by||J. of Mech. Eng., 2021, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 28-35|
This paper describes a technique for analyzing the phenomenon of static buckling of a pre-loaded complex nano-composite shell. Most of the works devoted to the analysis of complex structures consider vibration processes, while the phenomenon of buckling can be an important factor that limits the use of new materials in space-rocket hardware. A nano-composite constant-thickness shell consisting of two spherical covers and a cylindrical body is considered. It is acted upon by internal pressure and an axial compressive force. This shell simulates the fuel tank of a launch vehicle. Conditions under which the shell is deformed non-axisymmetrically, buckling statically, are investigated. A technique is proposed that allows the problem to be divided into the analysis of the pre-loaded state of the shell and the analysis of buckling. Further analysis is performed using a technique based on the high-order shear deformation theory and the Ritz method. The problem is discretized by representing the variables that determine the state of the shell in the form of expansions in basis functions with unknown coefficients. Thus, it is the expansion coefficients that become unknown in the problem. The problem of analyzing the pre-stressed state of a structure is reduced to solving a system of linear algebraic equations with respect to the expansion coefficients. The problem of buckling analysis can be reduced to the problem of eigenvalues. The solution to this problem makes it possible to find the minimum value of the compressive load at which the shell buckles, as well as the forms of buckling. The results of applying the developed technique were compared with those of finite element modeling of a structure made of the simplest nano-composite material. The comparison results indicate a high accuracy of the technique described. At the same time, the use of the finite element method for the analysis of large-scale thin-walled structures made of functionally gradient materials is extremely difficult, in contrast to the methodology proposed in the paper. Comparison of various types of nano-reinforcement showed that a rational choice of the type of reinforcement can significantly increase the critical load. In this case, the internal pressure on the shell also significantly affects the critical load.
Keywords: static buckling, complex shell, nano-composite material, carbon nanotubes, Ritz method.
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Received 30 January 2021
Published 30 March 2021