Elastic-Plastic Problem for a Stringer Plate with a Circular Hole

DOI https://doi.org/10.15407/pmach2021.03.061
Journal Journal of Mechanical Engineering – Problemy Mashynobuduvannia
Publisher A. Pidhornyi Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems
National Academy of Science of Ukraine
ISSN  2709-2984 (Print), 2709-2992 (Online)
Issue Vol. 24, no. 3, 2021 (September)
Pages 61-69
Cited by J. of Mech. Eng., 2021, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 61-69



Minavar V. Mir-Salim-zade, Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics of the NAS of Azerbaijan (9, Vahabzade str., Baku, AZ1141, Azerbaijan), e-mail: minavar.mirsalimzade@imm.az, ORCID: 0000-0003-4237-0352



When calculating the strength of machines, structures and buildings with technological holes, it is important to take into account the plastic zones that emerge around the holes. However, the unknown shape and size of the plastic zone complicate the solution of elastic-plastic problems. This paper gives an approximate method and solution of the plane elastic-plastic problem of the distribution of stresses in a thin plate, reinforced with a regular system of stiffeners (stringers). The stringer plate under consideration has a circular hole, which is completely surrounded by the zone of plastic deformation. At infinity, the plate is subjected to a uniform tension along the stiffeners. A constant normal load is applied to the contour of the hole. The plate and stringer materials are assumed to be isotropic. The loading conditions are assumed to be quasi-static. It is assumed that the plate is in the plane-stressed state. Taken as the plasticity condition in the plastic zone is the Tresca-Saint-Venant plasticity condition. Methods of perturbation theory, analytic function theory, and the least squares method are used. The solution to the stated elastic-plastic problem consists of two stages. At the first stage, the stress-strain state for the elastic zone is found, and then the unknown interface between the elastic and plastic zones is determined using the least squares method. A closed system of algebraic equations has been constructed in each approximation, the numerical solution of which makes it possible to study the stress-strain state of a stringer plate, with the hole entirely surrounded by the plastic zone, as well as to determine the magnitudes of the concentrated forces that replace the action of the stringers. The interface between the elastic and plastic deformations has been found. The presented solution technique can be developed to solve other elastic-plastic problems. The solution obtained in this paper makes it possible to consider elastic-plastic problems for a stringer plate with other plasticity criteria.


Keywords: plate, stringers, elastic-plastic problem, interface between elastic and plastic deformations.


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Received 16 May 2021

Published 30 September 2021